Boundary Resolution

 Most people just want their corners set and are surprised to realize that it’s not always that simple.

For a surveyor to set your boundary he/she must first know how your parcel was originally created and then begin to answer the question of where to start.

Some of the most common ways parcels are created are:

Aliquot parcels:

  • Usually rural land

Sequence conveyance:

  • Parcel division by deed (this used to be very common but is now only allowed under special circumstances)

 Simultaneous conveyance:

  • Division of Land Maps
  • Parcel Maps
  • Subdivision Maps

 Answering the question of how your parcel was created will guide the professional surveyor in determining how to accurately determine the size, shape and location of your parcel.

WHICH ONE ARE YOU?

 
Does your deed read something like

…the N1/2 NE1/4 SE1/4 of Section 12… see ALIQUOT below.

OR

… beginning at the SW corner of the Brown parcel thence North 60 25’13” West, 125.65 feet…. See SEQUENCE below.

OR

…Lot 4, Block B, Greenfield Subdivision… see SIMULTANEOUS below.

ALIQUOT

Aliquot parcels are very common in the western states. Notice that this description often does not express any distances or direction; it simply stated that it is the north one half of the Northeast one quarter of the Southeast one quarter. What this means to the Professional Land Surveyor is that your property is a portion of a larger parcel (section 12) and the boundaries of the larger parcel must be first determined before your lines can be located.

SEQUENCE

In the case of sequence conveyances time is a factor. If there is a boundary conflict one party may have senior rights and the others rights might be junior. Typically the party with the junior rights will suffer the entire loss or shortage.

SIMULTANEOUS

In the case of a simultaneous conveyance all of the parcels within that map are created simultaneously. They become legally separate parcels at the same instance in time and therefore there are no junior or senior rights. So now if there is a boundary problem too much land (excess) or too little land (deficiency) the loss or gain is shared equally among all of the lots within the block.

Now that the question of parcel origin has been answered surveyor can develop a strategy and method of surveying to determine the extent of your parcel.